Ukrainian farmers are hard to be surprised. Each time they get something new - either new taxes, either few months without rains, or fluctuations of national currency…
However, many of us do not even suspect that in the global dimension the territory of Northern Black Sea Coast is the most promising location for cultivation and the sale of crop. The thing is what is the world's largest consumer of cereals and oilseeds will be the markets of Southeast Asia, and their need will increase every year. And the distance from Ukrainian ports, tis the shortest to the ports of China and India as compared to others major players in the world the grain market.
In agronomic science, there are many things that appear to be promising at first glance, but in most cases, they are not realized due to a whole range of causes and fears. One of such thing among others concerns the use of cover crops.
We do not need to explain further the benefits of using them, starting with enriching the field with organic matter, mobilizing nutrients to preserve moisture and loosening the soil. But if we want to find fields covered by so-called intermediate cultures – we must travel a lot. And even more so, find a farm which uses cover crops as true and effective element that directly influences the yields and profitability.
The technology of cover crops has been known for decades, but in Ukraine it is still the prerogative of farms specialized in production of organics. Cover crops require extra effort and cost, and the effect is difficult to see. Of course, most farmers are trying to simplify their lives and are quite pessimistic to complication of the technology.
On the other hand, everybody wants to get the best possible yield for minimal investment. From year to year, the land gives high yields, and from year to year, farmers believe that to some extent it is a gift of nature or higher forces. Although everyone is aware that humus and nutrients are gradually being picked from the soil. And after a while (for some farms this moment is already there), the land will turn into a desert, where even the weed will not grow. Such perspectives push agronomists and directors of farms to change the approach to land use.